product is internationally classified under Chapter No. 59.03 of the Harmonised System of
Indian trade jargon for this product is "Rexine" - which is similar to how
copiers are mentioned as "Xerox".
I. PVC Leather Cloth can be made by direct coating process, transfer coating process or by
lamination with a calendered flexible film. The product PVC Leather Cloth is also referred
to as expanded vinyl Artificial Leather Cloth or Synthetic Leather.
The original technology to manufacture PVC Leather Cloth was by direct coating method,
where the backing fabric is usually woven fabric. In direct coating method, at three
different stations, the Plastisol is directly coated on to the fabric and passed through
ovens simultaneously and later embossed in line for the end product. But the application
for direct coated product was limited - was extensively and mostly used for travel bags
and luggage industry.
In the early 70s, there was a demand for a
more supple and softer PVC Leather Cloth, which can be used in wider applications such as
domestic upholstery, automobile upholstery , ladies bags, footwear industry , garment
lining, belts, etc.This gave birth to a new technoloy called transfer coating technology
by release paper method.In the transfer coating
technology, the coating is done on a release paper and different substrates (backing
fabric) can be used and not just fabric. The substrates in the transfer coating technology
is usually knitted fabric. Since the knitted fabric did not have the dimensional
stability, coatings were done on release paper and later on, the film was released by the
release paper and laminated on to the fabric. This product finds wide applications such as
upholstery, ladies bags, foot wear, etc.
Today most of the coaters in the world over, use transfer coating method using release
paper for the manufacture of PVC Leather Cloth. Modifications to this technology has
mostly been subtle and are more in terms of having better coating heads at different
stations, different surface finish machines, various types of release paper and a whole
new family of additives which enhance the life and finish of PVC Leather Cloth, such as
those which help incorporation of properties such as flame retardancy, cold flex, anti
oxidants, UV stability , anti fog agents, micro biocides and other processing aids which
can sustain this product to extreme weatherable conditions.
FENOPLAST LIMITED, BASED AT HYDERABAD, HAS TWO TRANSFER COATING LINES HAVING A CAPACITY TO
MANUFACTURE A MAXIMUM OF 500 THOUSAND METERS OF PVC LEATHER CLOTH PER MONTH. FENOPLAST
LIMITED IS PRODUCING HIGH QUALITY PVC LEATHER CLOTH FOR EXPORT AND DOMESTIC MARKETS.
FENOPLAST LIMITED HAS IMPORTED A STATE-OF-THE-ART COATING HEAD, FULLY AUTOMATIC, IN THE
YEAR 1996 AND HAS KEPT ITSELF ABREAST OF THE LATEST TECHNIQUES OF PRODUCTION IN TRANSFER
APPLICATIONS OF PVC LEATHER CLOTH
Automobile upholstery for
Footwear industry for